Effects of Individual's and Family's Characteristics on the Expatriate's Overseas Adjustment
|關鍵字:||國際化;派外人員;家庭特質;派外人員特質;海外適應;社會適應;工作適應;溢出理論;Internationalization;Expatriate;Individual Characteristics;Family's Characteristics;Social Adjustment;Work Adjustment;Host Country;Spillover Theory|
For reducing the influence of the rising domestic land and labor cost and adjusting better to the fast changes in worldwide economic and social conditions in the twenty-first century, more and more companies in industrialized countries, internationalize their business operations. Investment in foreign countries has increased drastically. A key issue internationalization is sending employees to work and live in foreign countries. The “expatriates“ become an important workforce in multinational corporations. The study samples the expatriates from the enterprises with extensive internationalization to test the proposed research model. It uses regression analyses to test the hypotheses. The independent variables are an expatriate’s individual characteristics (including willingness for accepting foreign assignment, knowledge of host country, interpersonal skills, and communication ability) and the characteristics of expatriate’s family (including family’s support to the expatriate, family adjustment to host country, and family’s communication ability). The dependent variables are the expatriate’s work adjustment and social adjustment in the host country. The results of study show that there is a positive effect from an expatriate’s willingness of accepting assignment and interpersonal skill on his social adjustment in the host country. The expatriate’s willingness for accepting assignment and knowledge about the host country and his family’s adjustment all has a positive effect on the expatriate’s work adjustment. However, the study found that the family’s communication ability has a negative effect on the expatriate’s work adjustment. The extensiveness of pre-departure training also has a negative influence on the expatriate’s social adjustment. Consistent with the spillover theory, this study discovered a positive influence from the expatriate’s social adjustment to his work adjustment.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|