Title: The role of transesterification on the miscibility in blends of polycarbonate and liquid crystalline copolyester
Authors: Wei, KH
Ho, JC
National Chiao Tung University
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Issue Date: 24-Mar-1997
Abstract: Transesterification mechanisms and rate in blends of polycarbonate (PC) and random liquid crystalline polyester copoly(oxybenzoate-p-terephthalate) at molar ratio 40/60 (P46) were studied through a five-component diad analysis and with C-13 and H-1-C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. It was found that the ester-ester interchange in the two polymers took place within 15 min when the blend was annealed at 260 degrees C in vacuum. In the annealed blend, the Bisphenol A unit in polycarbonate reacted first with the terephthalate unit and then with the oxybenzoate unit in copoly(oxybenzoate-p-terephthalate). As the transesterification in the blend continued for about 1 h, the forming of dad Bisphenol A-oxybenzoate exceeded that of diad Bisphenol A-terephthalate. This large loss (57%) of the diad oxybenzoate-oxybenzoate caused the disappearance of the liquid crystalline phase in the blend. In sharp contrast to the originally immiscible blend of PC and P46 (two distinctive glass transition temperatures), the large loss of the liquid crystalline diad resulted in complete miscibility in the annealed blend, as evidenced by the appearance of a single glass transition temperature in the differential scanning calorimetry measurement.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/660
ISSN: 0024-9297
Volume: 30
Issue: 6
Begin Page: 1587
End Page: 1593
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  1. A1997WP90900009.pdf