The Analysis of Accidents with respect to Violation Characteristics for Pedestrians in Taipei City
Dr. Hwang, Cherng-Chwan
|關鍵字:||行人;交通事故;交通違規;Pedestrian;Traffic Accident;Traffic Violation|
Abstract The number of fatalities on the roads has been largely reduced in recent years. However, the number of pedestrian fatalities in traffic accidents has gradually increased. In this research, we begin with analyzing the existing problems that pedestrians encounter and based on the real data of pedestrian crashes from 1997 to 1999 to analyze the characters of these injured and fatal pedestrian crashes. A questionnaire survey as well as in-site investigation of violation behavior at intersections, are also conducted to analyze the various characters of pedestrian violation. The major results are listed below： 1. Pedestrians who are older than 65 years have a higher fatality rate than other age groups. 2. Pedestrian fatalities caused by trucks are more than those caused by other types of cars. 3. Fatal pedestrian crashes mostly occur during 8am to 10am. 4. The distribution of pedestrian traffic accidents isn’t concentrated at fixed places. Traffic accidents mostly occur in urban areas. The number of pedestrian accidents is greatest at Ho-PIN East Road. 5. Pedestrians tend to cross roads randomly and have a higher risk of crashes, especially when the width of road is less than 20 meters. 6. Pedestrians violate rules mostly at intersections where there are poor facilities for crossing; secondly are the intersections with pedestrian-protection phase signals, as well as the intersections with leading or lag-phase signals. 7. There are no significant relations between the places and time period of pedestrian crashes and the police’s presentation of pedestrian violations. In this research, we suggest, by using traffic engineering measures(such as increasing the height of central separating island) to reduce the possibility of pedestrians crossing the road at the wrong place. In addition, the visibility and availability of pedestrian facilities should be enhanced. In terms of traffic enforcement, the rule for cars to yield to pedestrians has to be clarified. While the pedestrian violates rule against jay walking, the police should nab pedestrians at the right place and time that pedestrian accidents occur. Furthermore, we should also widely promote the concept that cars should yield to pedestrians. And it is also necessary to ask pedestrians to obey the law and enhance the visibility of pedestrians.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|