|標題:||Ab initio Chemical Kinetics for the NH(2) + HNO(x) Reactions, Part II: Kinetics and Mechanism for NH(2) + HONO|
Lin, M. C.
Institute of Molecular science
|摘要:||The kinetics and mechanism for the reaction of NH(2) with HONO have been investigated by ab initio calculations with rate constant prediction. The potential energy surface of this reaction has been computed by single-point calculations at the CCSD(T)/6-311+G(3df, 2p) level based on geometries optimized at the CCSD/6-311++G(d, p) level. The reaction producing the primary products, NH(3) + NO(2), takes place via precomplexes, H(2)N center dot center dot center dot c-HONO or H(2)N center dot center dot center dot t-HONO with binding energies, 5.0 or 5.9 kcal/mol, respectively. The rate constants for the major reaction channels in the temperature range of 300-3000 K are predicted by variational transition state theory or Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory depending on the mechanism involved. The total rate constant can be represented by k(total) = 1.69 x 10(-20) x T(2.34) exp(1612/T) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) at T =300-650 K and 8.04 x 10(-22) x T(3.36) exp(2303/T) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1) at T =650-3000 K, The branching ratios of the major channels are predicted: k(1) + k(3) producing NH(3) + NO(2) accounts for 1.00-0.98 in the temperature range 300-3000 K and k(2) producing OH + H(2)NNO accounts for 0.02 at T > 2500 K. The predicted rate constant for the reverse reaction, NH(3) + NO(2) -> NH(2) + HONO represented by 8.00 x 10(-26) x T(4.25) exp(-11,560/T) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), is in good agreement with the experimental data. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 41: 678-688, 2009|
|期刊:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL KINETICS|