Analysis on RC Main Hall Masses of Current Buddhist Architecture in Taiwan
研究生：黃 森 指導教授：洪士林 博士
Analysis on RC Main Hall Masses of Current Buddhist Architecture in Taiwan Student：Shen Huang Advisor：Shih-Lin Hung, Dr. Master Degree Program of Engineering Technology and Management College of Engineering National Chiao Tung University Abstract Compared with the general architectures, Buddhist architecture is unique in some way and has something in common, which includes, for example, basic model with almost the same structure, standard level, flat-roofed part of the exterior look and the building materials shared with general architectures. It differs from general architectures in that it has sloped roof covered with glazed tiles, exterior ornamental Buddhist elements. In a Buddhist building, it includes many combinations of halls. Halls own the same or different sloped roofs to go along with it to form a majestic architecture complex. Are there any proportions or rules in the combination of hall masses? Or the look is just formed by following some traditional custom? Does Buddhist architecture have some elementary characteristics? Whether there are any proportional relations between the halls and the masses that go along with them is the topic for this thesis. This research studied the halls in Buddhist architectural complex as an essential element, that is, the main hall and secondly halls found in every architectural complex. The approach of survey, statistics and analytic comparison were employed to find the relation between the hall itself and the secondly halls, including whether there is a kind of proportion between the height, width and depth of the mass itself, and the proportion between, and the layout method and rules of, the hall and secondly halls, further to find out the basic characteristics of Buddhist buildings. The analytic results reveals that there are strong relationships between the masses of main halls in which the statues of Buddha are housed and secondly halls in which men live in terms of layout, areas, patterns and slopes of the roofs, width and depth. Such relationships slightly raise the proportions of various parts of the main halls to show the respect to hall with statue of Buddha, observing the traditional custom as well. From the results of comparisons and analysis, this research proposed values for proportion; the purpose of which was to suggest a combination with coordination in respect of masses of main halls and side halls, and others, rather than simply raising the proportions of various parts of the main halls while ignoring the integrity of combination of the complex of architectures.
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