A Study of Relation between Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Policy Adaptation and Social Issues in Taiwan
|關鍵字:||歷史研究途徑;低放射性廢料處置;社會議題;政策論證;終極處理;場址選擇;政策適應;境外處置;historical approach;low-level radioactive waste disposa;social issue;policy argument;final treatment;siting selection;policy adaptation;extraterritorial disposal|
ABSTRACT The relations identify and evaluate arguments affecting the adaptation between low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal policy versus social issues in Taiwan. The qualitative historical analysis is both challenging and useful. After completing the examination of relevant studies, historical works and papers, arguments were distilled from this information. The argument is one identified as directly impacting or defining the nature relationship between the disposal policy versus social issues. Identification and synthesis of arguments from exploratory study may hold the key to recommendations leading to the establishment of an optimal policy adaptation. Retrospective data were also collected through an historical review of primary and secondary source. From Dunn's Argument Model of policy evaluation, this study seeks to discover whether or not an optimal adaptation mechanism relationship between the social issues and disposal policy is possible. The arguments emanated from the review of scholarly studies, precedent of policy, and historical relationships. According the development of LLW disposal policy and sociopolitical, economic changes in Taiwan. The chronological stage of Taiwan's LLW disposal policy is divided into three stages: (1) stage I (1955~1970), radwaste advocacy policy in atomic technological development period; (2) stage II (1971~1990), radwaste final treatment policy in nuclear application period; and (3) stage III (1991~Present 1999), radwaste disposal policy in socio-environmental development period. The disposal policy and social issue for each or both were explored respectively, and support the inference of policy adaptation mechanism. The contents of this study were to (1) investigated, synthesize and interpret the literature review and historical examination between disposal policy and social issues; (2) identify arguments affecting this relationship between disposal policy and social issues; and (3) present recommendations from Dunn's Argument model regarding the establishment of an optimal adaptation mechanism between the disposal policy and social issues. In conclusion, the author tries to identify what the arguments are influencing the conflicting relationship between the disposal policy and social issues, and then use the knowledge of such arguments to establish an optimal relationship between the two divergent and often antagonistic parties. Fifteen arguments were identified that affect the relationship between the disposal policy and social issues establishment. The broad conclusion reached is that, historically, no significant solutions have been found for the conflict between the social issues and disposal policy and that the relationship constantly changes according to the individual circumstances of the conflict and current sociopolitical environments. Consequently, the study establishes an "adaptation mechanism" permitting both to meet the majority of their objectives and responsibilities.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|