Project Risk Management Engineering of Consulting Companies for the Construction Phase of Bridge Project
|關鍵字:||風險管理;契約管理;專案管理;Risk management;Contract risk;Project management|
Construction industry is composed of proprietors, designers, construction owners, sub-contractors, project managers, engineers, and labors. The production process of construction industry is quite complicated, including planning, building, operation, and maintenance, and these characteristics make it different from general manufacturing industries. Thus, construction industry has been exposed to high contract risks. Risk means the likelihood of a deviation from the original prediction in a specific event or activity and its influences may be positive or negative. A risk may occur in different stages of different projects and each project objective has its own specific risks, while most controversies happen in the process of project implementation. Controversies of engineering contracts are one of the risks of engineering projects. The occurrence and treatment of a controversy have a decisive impact on the outcome of project implementation and the rights and benefits of relevant people. Although the contract templates or standards of each fair unit have been promoted, enforced, and revised and each unit of construction industry has made a lot of efforts as well, contract risks are still steadily on the increase. This study suggests that the lack of concepts of contract risk management and the lack of establishment or implementation of risk management procedure is one of the main reasons which arouse endless controversies. The development of risk management theories has become quite matured and each country in the world has promulgated its risk management standards one after another. In addition, the application of risk management standards to each different industry has all achieved great effects. To reduce the likelihood of contract risk occurrence, the risk management procedures, project management theories, and their relevant methods in each country were arranged in this study. The study used the PDCA cycle management to construct the framework of management procedure, used contents arranged from different risk management systems as the processes of management procedure, and used the discussions of project management and its procedure modes to propose the project contract risk management procedure, which mainly included four stages, “the planning and development of project risk management plan,” “the implementation and recording of project risk management plan,” “the control phase of project risk,” and “the information feedback and review of risk management modes.” The study also descried the procedures, methods, and tools inside. In the case study of contract risk management procedure, this study used literature reviews and questionnaire survey to propose important items of bridge engineering during construction phase in project contract risk management. In addition, this study used the analytical hierarchy process of risk analysis to obtain the items of greater impact on risks, which were “the change of operating procedure in design and the change of contract requested by contractors; tender specifications of engineering illustration; construction management and sub-contractor management; the replacement of unsuitable staffs.” Based on the important items of high risk management above, this study developed proper strategies and risk management behaviors, and proposed the principles and suggestions to the amendment of engineering purchasing contract. It is hoped that engineering consulting firms may make use of the operation results of project risk management modes to manage contract risks and avoid the occurrence of engineering controversies.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|