Study on Port Business Performance Evaluation Before and After Cargo Operation Privatization In Port of Kaohsiung
Dr. Chen, Wu-cheng
|關鍵字:||裝卸作業民營化;港埠營運積效;營運積效指標;privatization of cargo operation;port operation performances;performance indexes|
In has been more than one year since the privatization of cargo operation in Port of Kaohsiung on January 1, 1998. How much effect this systemic innovation has applied to the port business is an important subject that the port management unit wants to know. This study examines the variation of the related port operation performances before and after the privatization to figure out a suitable method for analyzing the effect of the privatization. And hopefully by comparing this variation and reviewing the imperfection of the privatization, some solutions can be found and submitted to the port management unit for reference. In the process of the study, I first collected various port business statistics before and after the privatization and studied the promotion and results of the privatization and the rationalization of stevedore employment system in the port. And then I consulted research papers on port business performances abroad and at home, and reviewed port business statistics in 1997 and 1998 that were years before and after the privatization respectively. I also conducted a questionnaire on shipping companies, cargo owners and related industries, including customs clearance agencies, stevedoring companies, harbor workers and port employees. All the material is used to analyze the variation of overall port business performances, and furthermore, to find out the reasons of the variation. The following are the summary of the study’s conclusion： 1.The analyses of the study showed that the overall performance of general cargo operation had an obvious improvement after the privatization. Its general performance index rose from 0.4658 in 1997 to 0.6391 in 1998. 2.This study also showed that the overall performance of container cargo operation fell slightly. Its general performance index dropped from 0.8250 in 1997 to 0.6986 in 1998. The study further discussed the reasons of the drop and made some suggestions for reference. 3.Some performance indexes dropped because every related unit needed a transition period to adjust for the privatization in the first year. In face, in the first season of 1999, all various business performance indexed rose obviously comparing to those in the same period of 1998. It showed room for improvement and growth in the future. 4.In general, after privatization, cargo operation in Port of Kaohsiung is still not satisfactory. However, the privatization itself has produced positive effects in market function, cargo handling, labor management as well as liberalization and internationalization of cargo operation in Port of Kaohsiung. Furthermore, after deregulation of business limitation, shipping companies have gained more freedom in their operation and management. As a result, their business is increasing and so are their investments in the port. This has offered great help to the development of Port of Kaohsiung into Asia-Pacific Regional Maritime Transshipment Center.