Title: Effects of aggregation and electron injection on photovoltaic performance of porphyrin-based solar cells with oligo(phenylethynyl) links inside TiO(2) and Al(2)O(3) nanotube arrays
Authors: Luo, Liyang
Lin, Chia-Jung
Tsai, Chiau-Yiag
Wu, Hui-Ping
Li, Lu-Lin
Lo, Chen-Fu
Lin, Ching-Yao
Diau, Eric Wei-Guang
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Abstract: Porphyrins with phenylethynyl links of varied length (PE1-PE4) were sensitized on vertically oriented, anodic titanium-oxide (ATO) nanotube arrays for application as dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The efficiency of power conversion decreased systematically from the dye with a short link to the dye with a long link. We measured the efficiency of conversion of incident photons to current (IPCE), the photocurrent decay of the devices, and steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectra of the thin-film samples to understand how the cell performance depends on the length of the link. Measurements of femtosecond fluorescence confirmed that the efficiency of electron injection depended on length because of dye aggregation that significantly increased the rate of aggregate-induced energy transfer for porphyrins with a long link. The rate of electron injection depended on the length of the link with an attenuation factor beta similar to 0.1 angstrom(-1). Resonant energy transfer (RET) kinetics of porphyrins sensitized on anodic aluminium-oxide (AAO) nanotube arrays were performed with picosecond time-correlated single-photon counting and four molecular densities for each porphyrin. The kinetic data of PE1 and PE2 are described satisfactorily according to a Forster model, whereas those of PE3 and PE4 conform to a Dexter formula. A formation of clusters is proposed to rationalize the observed density-dependent kinetics for the RET of porphyrins on semiconductor films.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b919962d
ISSN: 1463-9076
DOI: 10.1039/b919962d
Volume: 12
Issue: 5
Begin Page: 1064
End Page: 1071
Appears in Collections:Articles