Creativity in Architectural Design: The Role of Study Drawings in the Process of Design Thinking
|關鍵字:||建築設計;設計思考;設計創造力;構想草圖;口語分析;Architectural Design;Design Thinking;Creativity in Design;Study Drawings;Protocol Analysis|
Creativity has long been a common issue in many research fields. However, the viewpoints of creativity are still too general and controversial. The nature of design activities is a creative process. In this paper, I aim toward exploring creativity in the process of architectural design. Architectural designing involves the use of a range of study drawings. It is proposed that there are relationships between study drawings and creativity, although the role of study drawings in the process of design thinking remains unclear. Some regard study drawings as a method of evoking information, while others regard them as a tool to record data. The main purpose of this paper is to explore creativity in the process of design thinking and the relationships between study drawings and design creativity. The secondary purpose of this study attempts to develop a theoretical model of creativity in architectural design, and to reveal the key role of study drawings in the design process. To study creativity in archiectural design, I use protocol analysis to emphasize the qualitative side. The methodology used in this study is based primarily upon qualitative research. This protocol study consists of two major parts. First part is a three-stage experiment: 1) The first 10% unusual projects in a simple design task were found out in 30 different experience designers. 2) Five selected novel designers and three random non-novel designers take place a more complex design task. In this stage, I use video tapes to record the whole design process. 3) The most creative subjects selected from the former stage hold a design task. At the same time I ask him think-aloud and use video tapes to record the whole process. Second part is a theoretical analysis, includes encoding of processed data, mapping, and analysis based on encoding. Protocol studies are reported in which the creativity from creative designers is explored and compared with several protocols from non-creative designers. Some major findimgs from experiments show that creativity is closely related to problem-finding, patient search, interaction between study drawings, a process from abstract to solid, seeing-moving-seeing cycle, transformation process, expertise. The other findimgs from evaluating process show that there are many criteria to creative subjects commonly accepted by these experts, but there is a conflicting condition to the most creative subject. Finally, certain weaknesses and limitations of this study are discussed.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|