|標題:||A Method for the Non-invasive Assessment of Chest Wall Growth in Pectus Excavatum Patients|
|作者:||Chang, P. -Y.|
Chang, C. -H.
Lai, J. -Y.
Chen, J. -C.
Perng, D. -B.
National Chiao Tung University
|關鍵字:||pectus excavatum;anthropometry;non-invasive;computed tomography;Haller index|
|摘要:||Introduction: Various scales and measurement methods including X-rays and computed tomography (CT) have been used to quantify the degree of deformity in pectus excavatum. This study describes a non-invasive method for recording the deviation of the anterior chest wall (ACW) in pectus excavatum (PE) patients. Data obtained using this non-invasive method were compared with CT data. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients treated at our institutions between June 2008 and February 2009 were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent CT and thermal plastic strip measurement. A thermal plastic strip was positioned and taped to the supine patient's ACW at the skin level from the posterior axillary line, over the depressed sternum, to the contralateral posterior axillary line and used to create a casting of the ACW. Results: The funnel index (FI) was defined as the width of the ACW divided by its height; the concave index (CI) was defined as the breadth of the depressed area of the funnel chest divided by its depth. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to compare the FI and CI obtained with the thermal plastic strip method and with CT; measurements obtained with both methods were found to correlate well (FI: r(2) = 0.965; CI: r(2) = 0.947). Conclusions: The thermal plastic strip measurement method provides a two-dimensional record of the shape of the anterior chest wall. The measurement can be repeated, does not involve the patient being exposed to radiation, and offers a good longitudinal assessment of chest wall growth in PE patients.|
|期刊:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY|