標題: Fully normalized spherical cap harmonics: Application to the analysis of sea-level data from TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-1
作者: Hwang, CW
Chen, SK
交大名義發表
土木工程學系
National Chiao Tung University
Department of Civil Engineering
關鍵字: satellite geodesy;sea-level;spectral analysis;spherical harmonics
公開日期: 1-五月-1997
摘要: We introduce two sets of fully normalized harmonics for the spectral analysis of functions defined on a spherical cap. The harmonics are the products of Fourier functions and the fully normalized associated Legendre functions of non-integer degree. Using Sturm-Liouville theory for boundary-value problems, we present two convenient and stable formulae for computing the zeros of the associated Legendre functions that form two sets of orthogonal functions. Formulae for the stable numerical evaluation of the fully normalized associated Legendre functions of non-integer degree that avoid the gamma function are also derived. The result from the expansions of sealevel anomaly from altimetry into Set 2 fully normalized cap harmonics shows fast convergence of the series, and the degree variances decay rapidly without aliasing effects. The zero-degree coefficients (Set 2) of sea-level anomaly from TOPEX/POSEIDON (T/P) and ERS-1 indicate an El Nino event during 1993 January-1993 July, and a La Nina event during 1993 November-1994 July, although the ERS-1 result is less obvious. Ocean circulations over the South China Sea and the Kuroshio area are clearly identified with the low-degree expansions of sea-surface topography (SST) from T/P and ERS-1. A cold-core eddy of 4 degrees in diameter centred at 17.5 degrees N, 118 degrees E was detected with the expansion of SST from T/P cycle 47, and a property of the cap harmonics is used to compute this eddy's kinetic energy. The kinetic energy is at a low in winter and high in summer, and its variation seems to be periodic with an amplitude of 0.4 m(2) s(-2).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/573
ISSN: 0956-540X
期刊: GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL
Volume: 129
Issue: 2
起始頁: 450
結束頁: 460
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. A1997XA22900019.pdf