A study on review of content implemented in traffic safety education for primary schools
Ou Yang, Hui-Yu
|國民小學;交通安全教育;參照單位分析法;primary schools;Traffic safety education;Ridit analysis
ABSTRACT I compliance with the statistics of the Department of Health, the main death cause of the students is traffic accident disregarding their age in Taiwan. The worldwide problem is serious and has not improved obviously. The professionals and education system should look for the way to make it better. A complete traffic safety education program does promote the road users’ traffic safety. The children spend much time in the school since they become primary school students. Hence, the staff and the peer group in the school would play an important role on the child. Besides, the children study different subjects as they grow. This study aims to the primary school students because of their plasticity; their teachers also been interviewed. According to the interview result, this study explored the students’ behaviors based on the current traffic safety learning book. 34 research themes for discussion were refined in the study from 8 dimensions. The present traffic safety education was examined relying on the interview data. The study methodologies include descriptive statistic, testing of hypothesis, ANOVA and Ridit analysis. The study shows that the students implement their knowledge in their real lives when the schools remind them frequently. On the other side, the students give themselves higher scores about their traffic behavior than their teachers. The study also expresses that the traffic behaviors change along with sex, age and other social characteristics. Both the teachers and the students consider that the traffic safety learning book is too easy to enhance the students' traffic behavior. Nevertheless, the correct understanding ratio of the students to the hand-and-arm signals and traffic sighs is lower than the standard level, 67%, advised by ISO. The teachers emphasize on the basic and topics for the students. For example, obeying the directors' command, not running in the stairways and passageway, and checking out the coming automotors when crossing the roads. The other extended issues would be stated by chance. The ways to handle traffic accidents, the means to cope with the vehicle failure and the methods to escape when the accidents happen belong to the later one. The school traffic safety has been performed for a long time and it has worked. The traffic safety cognition of the students would develop through teaching, announcing and reminding. The traffic safety education should update as the environment has changed, and this is the goal of the education.
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