The Effects of Gender Composition on Conflict Resolution
|關鍵字:||性別組成;關係衝突;衝突處理;兩難困境;性別差異;gender composition;relational conflict;conflict resolution;dilemma;gender difference|
Ninety-seven college students participated in the study to investigate the effects of gender composition on conflict resolution. They were randomly paired into male-male, male-female, or female-female dyads and were asked to role-play in a business conflict scenario. Participants’ conflict resolutions, working individually at planning phase or face-to-face in dyads, were classified as integrating, compromising, dominating, or avoiding. Results showed that there is no significant difference in proposed conflict resolution strategies between genders in the planning phase. However, when participants came face-to-face with their opponents of different genders, chances for integrating and compromising solutions were higher for male-female groups than the groups of the same gender. Interestingly, in the compromising solutions, it was most likely that it was the females who made concessions for their male opponents. In addition, the affective reaction of male-male group to their opponents was the worst. After the conflict resolution session was over, there was no significant difference among different gender composition groups in terms of participants’ evaluation of their own behaviors in the conflict situation. But participants in male-male group gave more negative evaluation of their opponents’ behavior than other two groups. Males evaluated their female opponents more positively and regarded the resolution more favorably than their male opponents.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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