Title: Experimental study of R-134a evaporation heat transfer in a narrow annular duct
Authors: Chen, C. A.
Lee, C. Y.
Lin, T. F.
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: R-134a;Evaporation heat transfer;Mini-channel;Evaporating now pattern
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2010
Abstract: An experiment is carried out here to investigate the evaporation heat transfer and associated evaporating flow pattern for refrigerant R-134a flowing in a horizontal narrow annular duct The gap of the duct is fixed at 1.0 and 2 0 mm. In the experiment, the effects of the duct gap, refrigerant vapor quality, mass flux and saturation temperature and imposed heat flux on the measured evaporation heat transfer coefficient h, are examined in detail. For the duct gap of 2.0 mm, the refrigerant mass flux G is varied from 300 to 500 kg/m(2) s, imposed heat flux q from 5 to 15 kW/m(2), vapor quality x(m) from 0.05 to 0.95, and refrigerant saturation temperature T(sat) from 5 to 15 degrees C. While for the gap of 1.0 mm, G is varied from 500 to 700 kg/m(2)s with the other parameters varied in the same ranges as that for delta = 2 0 mm The experimental data clearly show that the evaporation heat transfer coefficient increases almost linearly with the vapor quality of the refrigerant and the increase is more significant at a higher G. Besides, the evaporation heat transfer coefficient also rises substantially at increasing q. Moreover, a significant increase in the evaporation heat transfer coefficient results for a rise in T,,,. but the effects are less pronounced in the narrower duct at a low imposed heat flux and a high refrigerant mass flux. Furthermore, the evaporation heat transfer coefficient increases substantially with the refrigerant mass flux except at low vapor quality. We also note that reducing the duct gap causes a significant increase in h(r). In addition to the heat transfer data, photos of R-134a evaporating flow taken from the duct side show the change of the dominant two-phase flow pattern in the duct with the experimental parameters. Finally, an empirical correlation for the present measured heat transfer coefficient for the R-134a evaporation in the narrow annular ducts is proposed. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2009.12.011
ISSN: 0017-9310
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2009.12.011
Volume: 53
Issue: 9-10
Begin Page: 2218
End Page: 2228
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