Title: Growth of Carbon Nanocoils from K and Ag Cooperative Bicatalyst Assisted Thermal Decomposition of Acetylene
Authors: Liu, Wen-Chih
Lin, Huang-Kai
Chen, Yu-Liang
Lee, Chi-Young
Chiu, Hsin-Tien
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
Keywords: carbon nanocoils;vapor-liquid-solid growth;K catalyst;Ag catalyst;field emission;electrochemical surface area
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2010
Abstract: Growth of amorphous carbon nanocoil (CNC) from acetylene on Si substrates was achieved by using nanosized Ag and K as the catalysts. The deposition of CNC was carried out inside a hot-wall reactor at 723 K using H(2) as the carrier gas. Based on the observed results, we propose a cooperative bimetal catalyst enhanced vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth mechanism to rationalize the CNC growth. In the reaction, the liquid phase metallic K dehydrogenated acetylene into the solid-state carbon, while the Ag nanoparticle assisted the extension of carbon one-dimensionally (1-D) via a tip-growth mechanism. Due to the adhesive force between the K liquid and the carbon, the 1-D solid curled along the C K interface into the nanocoil shape. Some CNC samples were further heat-treated at 1423 K and showed very good field emission properties. They emitted electrons (10 mu A/cm(2)) at a turn-on field E(10) of 2.51 V/mu m, while J(max) reached 17.71 mA/cm(2) at 5.64 V/mu m. The field enhancement factor beta was calculated to be 2124, comparable to other carbon nanotube (CNT) and CNC based emitters. The CNC was also characterized by using the electrochemical behavior of K(3)[Fe(CN)(6)] via cyclic voltammetry (CV). The electrochemical surface area of a CNC electrode (geometric surface area 0.078 cm(2)) was calculated to be 0.143 cm(2). These properties suggest that the CNC electrodes may have potential applications in field emission and electrochemical devices.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn901926r
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/5187
ISSN: 1936-0851
DOI: 10.1021/nn901926r
Journal: ACS NANO
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Begin Page: 4149
End Page: 4157
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