An Analysis of the Students’ Answering Behavior Based on Knowledge Map-Take Arithmetic Sequence as an Example
|Keywords:||知識地圖;作答歷程分析;作答類型;等差數列;Knowledge Map;Analysis of the Students’ Answering Behavior;Type of the Students’ Answering Quiz;Arithmetic Sequence|
Knowledge map can present the relationship of abstract concepts concretely, help students learn, and diagnose students' misconceptions. For 13-15 year- old students, they are in a specific operating period and the formal operations of the transition period. Characteristics of the knowledge map can assist students realizing the difficulties of the process. By students’ answering behavior, it could analysis students’ learning, and also provide teachers the opportunity to diagnose students' misconceptions.However, it’s not easy to measure the students' true ability by question’s types of the online test, with the limitations of the tools and methods, it make difficult to automatically analyze students' answering behavior. In this study, the knowledge map framework for analysis of students to answer behavior, find out students' error concept, to provide reference for future educators teaching. The subjects are 349 students in 8th grade from two junior high schools in middle Taiwan. These students have studied the Arithmetic Sequence. The pre-test was executed before the online examination, two weeks after the online examination, then the paper-and-pencil examination was performed. After carrying on measured, the collection empirical data, carries on the research analysis. According to the student's answering behavior, I identify the corresponding position in the knowledge map by analyzing of students' answer type, and the type of error behavior. The results show that「ITIS」(Interactive Test Item System) can improve the effectiveness of learning, then students will be divided into three groups according to their achievement. I find that the low group in the Arithmetic Sequence is superior to the other groups in the online examination. The high group in the Arithmetic Sequence is superior to the other groups in the paper-and-pencil examination. I then classify students’ answering behavior by the right or wrong answer, frequency of changing the answer and the order requested according to online examination scores. From different students’ answer behavior, we find that only in the situation of the right online quiz answer , the type of grope is much more than the type of proficiency. In the type of Solitaire, match, classify, the type of grope is superior to the type of proficiency. As a result, it means that students learn to use the type help to improve the learning outcomes.
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