The Implications of the Development of the Pharmaceutical Industry in China and India
|關鍵字:||製藥;中國;印度;專利藥;學名藥;CRO;Pharmaceutical;China;India;Patent Drugs;Generic Drugs;CRO|
This study explores how the growing development of China and India in the pharmaceutical industry from the perspective of the global industrial division of labor. First, we study the basic environment and developing trends of pharmaceutical industry. There are factors to contribute to the high-threshold to enter to the industry such as capital investment, research and development capability, long period trials and strong network of patent protection. It’s worth to study how China and India get the chance to grow their industries and to become important players from the dominance of Europe, US, Japan rivals. There are different ways between China and India in developing their pharmaceutical industries. Because China is a large market, local drug companies choose to developing their domestic channels but neglect R&D and the global market. In China new health care reform, local companies are lack of technological capabilities to grow their business. In contrast , because of very low domestic drug prices, India drug companies went to global market very early. They learned the developed country rules, and acquired the drug companies in oversea by fighting the patent lawsuits with global drug competitors. Therefore the emergent trend of expiration of drug patents in patent-off, India drug companies have grapped the opportunities and outperformed players from other emerging countries. The new Bio-Tech method provides a more efficient approach to find a new drugs than the tradition Chemical methods. The emergence of CRO, a new model in this industry, similar to the foudry model in semiconductor, would change the game rule of the future drug industry. China and India have heavily invested in this field, especially in new drug exploration, in order to participate the global pharmaceutical supply chain for the coming era.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|