A Study on the Implementation of the "Open Admission" Program in Senior High Schools in the District of Taoyuan (Taiwan)
|關鍵字:||十二年國民基本教育;免試入學方案;桃園免試就學區;12-year Compulsory Education;Open Admission" Program;The District of Taoyuan|
The main objective of this research study is to discuss different stakeholders’ viewpoints upon the implementation of the open admission program in Taiwan. In order to reach the aim, the research study first focused on the history of Taiwan’s compulsory education and post-secondary education. Also the concentration will be on the development of the 12-year compulsory education policy and the open-admission program. Secondly, the research study, by means of discussing the features of the admission policies and requirements for post-secondary schools in the US, the UK, Germany, France, and Japan, analyzed the controversies of open admissions in Taiwan. Semistructured interview method was finally of use in the research study to collect information about different viewpoints from the main types of stakeholder, students, parents, undertakers, and teachers. The results of the study were generalized after analyzing interview data. The research study in the end provided the Ministry of Education (MOE) with some advice upon open admissions for senior and junior high schools. The principal conclusions were that, 1)Most interviewees agreed that the planning of the fifteen school districts is appropriate, but they suggested the authority to more focus on promoting the concept of living community and to take the responsibility for notification earlier. 2)Both interviewed education workers and students said they have seen the effects the mechanism of education counseling brought through the cooperation of junior and senior high schools. But the interviewed parents said they didn’t feel it. 3)Most interviewed education workers said schools are trying to create their own features while most parents and students could not strongly feel it. 4)Most interviewees said the goal to carry out adaptive instruction and learning is yet to be thoroughly reached, but they agreed the goal would be reached with diverse entrance programs. 5)Though most interviewees said students’ pressure remains under the current open admission policy, they believed the normalization of teaching in junior high school in the future will help ease students’ pressure. 6)The traditional stereotype about prestigious senior high schools yet to be terminated. However, interviewees said they are confident that the stereotype will be broken by improving the teaching quality at secondary education level. 7)Interviewed parents and teachers said they have no clear concept of the open admission program, as the program wasn’t effectively promoted. 8)Multi-compared index was released in April, 2012. Interviewees still had concerns about the index’s objectivity, fairness and discrimination. The policy should be cautiously evaluated to avoid raising new issues. 9)Interviewees have extreme attitudes toward the complete implementation of open admissions. However, the advantages of open admissions will be seen if the government has related supporting polices. 10)Under the policy of open admissions, parents feel the pressure of training up their kids. The junior high school undertakers on the other side felt the pressure of complicated procedure and evaluation. By comparison, senior high school undertakes responsible for recruiting students met less difficulties. 11)Education works at secondary education level said the open admission program is easy to lower students’ learning motivation. Parents also concerned the underachieved students will affect other students’ learning negatively.