標題: 海洋天然物做為抗癌藥物之研究
Characterization of marine natural products as anticancer agents
作者: 黃俊嵐
梁美智
分子醫學與生物工程研究所
關鍵字: 天然物;NF-κB;多發性骨髓瘤;癌症;bortezomib;natural product;NF-κB;multiple myeloma;cancer;bortezomib
公開日期: 2012
摘要: 做為治療疾病藥物之來源,天然物扮演了非常重要的角色,其獨特的結構與活性,對於新藥的發現與發展都十分具有幫助。由於知識與技術上的原因,在過去發現許多的海洋天然物並未就其分子作用機制做深入的研究與探討 。在本研究中,我們將探討從海洋菌Zooshikella sp.中所萃取出的紅色色素是否具有抗癌活性。藉由測定經過不同濃度的萃取物處理之後的癌症細胞株之細胞活性與增殖能力,我們證實了由Zooshikella sp.中所萃取出的紅色萃取物,對於癌細胞的確具有細胞毒性。經過一系列的驗證與純化,我們最後得到兩個具有相似結構的化合物,分別為WYT1-70-6 (prodigiosin) 與WYT1-70-10 (2-methyl-3-hep -tyl prodigiosin)。兩者在抑制細胞增殖與誘發細胞凋亡的能力表現相當接近,此現象可由多二磷酸腺苷核糖聚合酶(PARP)被切割的情況證明。然而,根據結果發現即使結構相近,prodigiosin可以抑制腫瘤壞死因子α (TNFα) 在多發性骨髓瘤(multiple myeloma) 所引發的NF-κB核轉移與活化;而2-methyl-3-heptyl prodigiosin則無此現象。最後,我們證實了prodigiosin可與bortezomib共同作用而得到更好的細胞毒殺性。總結來說,我們的實驗結果顯示:由於抑制了轉錄因子NF-κB的活性,由Zooshikella sp.所純化出的天然物prodigiosin展現了抗癌活性,並與bortezomib在細胞毒殺能力上具有加成性。
Natural products are important sources of bioactive agents for treating diseases. The unique structures and novel activities of marine natural products represent a promising field for drug discovery. For historical reasons, the molecular mechanisms of many bioactive marine natural products have not been well elucidated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anticancer activity of natural products isolated from Zooshikella sp., a marine bacterial species producing red pigments. By assessing the viability and proliferation of cancer cell lines treated with various concentrations of purified extracts/compounds, we have identified several bioactive extracts/molecules from Zooshikella sp. with cell toxicity. Moreover, two of the pure compounds, prodigiosin (WYT1-70-6) and its analog 2-methyl-3-heptyl prodigiosin (WYT1-70-10), induced apoptosis in cancer cell lines, as judged by the site-specific cleavage of PARP. Additionally, our preliminary data have shown that prodigiosin, but not 2-methyl-3-heptyl prodigiosin, inhibited TNFα induced NF-κB nuclear translocation and activation in the RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma cell line. Finally, we demonstrated that prodigiosin in combination with bortezomib had synergistic cell toxicity. In summary, results from this study suggested that marine natural product prodigiosin isolated from Zooshikella sp. exerts anticancer activity and additive interaction with bortezomib by targeting the transcription factor NF-κB signaling pathway.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT079929520
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/49985
Appears in Collections:Thesis


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