Mechanical Behavior of Different Stress Path in a Poorly Cemented Sandstone
Dr. Jyh-Jong Liao
Dr. Yii-Wen Pan
|關鍵字:||軟弱岩石;三軸實驗;應力應變關係;降伏行為;應力路徑;Weak Rock;Triaxial Test;Stress-strain relationships;Yield behavior;Stress path|
由研究結果顯示，軟岩試體，三軸試驗中在小應變下確實呈現線彈性之行為，且隨著有效圍壓的增加，其楊氏模數會有遞增情形發生。從應力應變行為來看，飽和試體都缺乏一般硬岩所常有之脆性力學行為，軟岩遇水軟化，影響強度勝鉅，試驗時引發之超額孔隙水壓，在低有效圍壓試驗條件下會顯現類似緊砂或過壓密黏土之膨脹性行為。在高有效圍壓試驗條件下，則呈現類似鬆砂或正常壓密黏土之壓縮性行為，其門檻值為有效圍壓3MPa。不同應力路徑下強度與行為有明顯的變化，所以在工程應用上，應就其不同條件考慮個別參數分析以免錯估。本研究配合王慧蓉 (2001) 漸進降伏面模式進行模擬，結果可以合理描述軟岩的應力應變行為。|
A triaxial device was specifically built for the soft rock, and used to enhance our understanding of the weak and young rock formations in the central and northern regions of Western Taiwan. The triaxial cell was equipped with local strain measurement devices capable of monitoring strains less than 10-3 %, as well as external displacement sensors so that the behavior of soft rock from small strain, linear elastic state to yielding could all be observed. In order to confirm the measurements of Emax, the triaxial cell was also equipped with bender elements. The axial and cell pressure were servo-controlled independently to enable stress path controlled tests to be performed. A series of consolidated undrained, stress path controlled triaxial tests have been conducted using this test device. The results showed a linear elastic behavior of the soft rock during the small strain triaxial loading. As the effective confining stress increased the non-linear stress-strain relationship occurred at smaller strains. And from the observation of the stress-strain behavior of soft rock, that saturated specimens have less brittle behavior than typical hard rock.Based on its lithifation, the strength of soft rock reduces greatly. During these tests, the pore water pressure was generated in most cases. For the sandstone specimens, and the range of effective confining stress applied in the triaxial tests, the excess pore pressure changed from negative to positive as the effective confining stress increased. In low effective confining stress, the specimens showed more swelling behavior that similar to dense sand or OC-clay. In high effective confining stress, the specimens showed more compressive behavior that similar to loose sand or NC-clay. The liminal effective confinement between the two behaviors is about 3MPa.The strength and behavior has obvious changes under the series of consolidated undrained, the stress path controlled triaxial tests, so when using these parameters in the engineering problems, the parameter should always be considered in different situations. This research also adopted for modeling the mechanical behavior of soft rock in the presented work.A 3-surface model, a special version of the generalized transitional yielding approach by Huijung Wang (2001) was used, the result showed that the proposed model is capable of modeling the stress-strain behavior of soft rock.
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