Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell using TiO2 Nanowires on Anodic TiO2 nanotube Arrays (TNWs/TNAs)
|摘要:||染料敏化太陽能電池(Dye-sensitized solar cell, DSSC)是目前極具發展潛力的新一代有機太陽能電池。其中光電極表面形貌是影響效率的主因之一，期望利用二氧化鈦奈米管一維陣列結構改善電子傳輸而提升效率且未來發展可饒式元件具有較高的穩定性。
Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), a new generation solar cell, has the potential to be widely used due to its advantages of low cost, compatibility for flexible devices, and enhanced performance with temperature. Specifically, the morphology of TiO2 film is one of the major factors affecting the conversion efficiency. Among various structures, TiO2 nanotube has great potential due to the highly ordered could provide a direct transport route and higher stability for flexible device. In this study, a TNWs/TNAs hybrid structure was first fabricated using a one-step method by anodizing a titanium foil in electrolytes consisting of NH4F and H2O, under different voltage and processing time. The evolution and the mechanism of TNWs/TNAs hybrid structure prepared by using mechanical stirring were examined and proposed. The DSSC performance of TNWs/TNAs was measured and compared to TNAs and conventional TiO2 nanoparticle film. Based on the I-V characteristics and dye absorption measurement by an UV-visible spectroscopy, nanowires in the TNWs/TNAs (12 贡m) hybrid structure enhance the surface area and improve the redox couple diffusion in TiO2 electrode to raise the photocurrent, resulting in enhanced conversion efficiency. For TNWs/TNAs hybrid structure (30V, 8 hours), the conversion efficiency and Jsc are 1.85%, 5.27 mA/cm2, compared to 1.04% and 3.81 mA/cm2 in a TNA only film. The 44.3% improvement in conversion efficiency can be attributed to the enhanced dye adsorption (21%) and better electron transport in TNWs/TNAs compared to TNAs only. Overall, TNWs/TNAs films show great potential to be a simple and flexible DSSC.
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