Labor Consciousness of Hakka Women：A Case Study of persimmon peelers in Xin-pu
|關鍵字:||客家婦女;勞動;新埔;柿餅;Hakka Women;Labor;Xin-pu;dried persimmon|
The purpose of this study is to understand the labor consciousness of Hakka women through in-depth interviews, participation, observation and data collecting. The woman persimmon skin peelers of the persimmon processing industry were chosen as the objects, and the transformation of Hsinpu dried persimmon industry was taken as the background. The aim is to analyze the transformation of labor system and gender work distribution of dried persimmon production process during the period when the industry developed into a cultural industry. Furthermore, the emergence of skin peeling machine was taken as the division point to divide the woman persimmon skin peelers into two generations. The study found that there is a connection between the gender work distribution and class during the dried persimmon labor process and that both labors and employer have reached a consensus. While at work, the women persimmon skin peelers show voluntary obedience. Although there is a large variance within the backgrounds of women in different generations, they share similar experience to some extent. The Hakka women have transformed labor into action and the core value of life, and they presume that the persimmon skin peeling job is beneficial from individual and family perspectives. This study is divided into six chapters. The first chapter introduces the research motivation, research methods, research process and literature review. Chapter two gives an overview of Hsinpu history and persimmon production process, including the labor system of persimmon industry, the impact of political transformation on the industry, and the labor force participation of women in the industry. Chapter three narrates the labor processes of two generations of women since their childhood until now, the labor situation of women in the family and job based on different roles, and the similarities and differences between the two generations. Chapter four cuts straight into feminization of labor value through an observation of the labor consciousness of women. Chapter 5 explains how women strike a balance between their job and family, and then summarizes the multiple meanings of work for women. Chapter six is the concluding chapter which discusses the limitations and significance of this research, and proposes the prospective research direction on women persimmon skin peelers for future researchers.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|