標題: 科技從業女性之工作平等與滿意度研究
A Research on Hi-tech Working Women’s Job Fairness as well as Satisfaction
作者: 王培芳
Wang, Pei-Fang
林亭汝
Lin, Grace TR
科技管理研究所
關鍵字: 性別主流化;工作平等;工作滿意度;變異數分析;ANOVA;job fairness;job satisfaction
公開日期: 2010
摘要: 近年來「性別主流化」的概念日漸興盛,最終目標是實現兩性平等。台灣社會上兩性日趨平等,女性投入高科技產業的比例也逐年提高,故在國內工作滿意度上情況到底如何?國內仍少見針對女性在工作滿意度上之現況調查、衡量及分析。本研究主要為顯揚性別統計的重要性,以為消除性別歧視、提昇性別研究的水準、提供符合需求的政策計畫方案、及提高產業附加價值。以國內三大科學園區中雇用員工人數最多的新竹科學工業園區為例,研究女性從業員工的工作平等與滿意度,以問卷為工具對267位科技從業女性進行研究,研究結論如下: 一、 科技從業女性對於目前的工作本身的質與量以及升遷的情況感到最滿意,最不滿意直屬上司的態度;對於目前工作的獎懲制度感到最平等,而對於爭取更高職位的機會感到最不平等。 二、 不同的人口統計變項對於工作平等與滿意度造成顯著之影響。 (一) 在年齡方面,20歲至29歲對於「薪資」之滿意度高於30歲至40歲。 (二) 在婚姻狀況方面,未已婚對於「工作本身」與「工作夥伴」之滿意度高於已婚。 (三) 在工作職級方面,非主管對於「工作本身」、「薪資」、「工作滿意度」、「工作平等度」之滿意度高於主管。 (四) 在服務年資方面,未滿3年對於「薪資」之滿意度高於7年以上。 (五) 在年所得方面,40萬以下組對於「薪資」之滿意度高於80萬-120萬組與120萬以上組、40萬-80萬組對於「薪資」之滿意度高於80萬-120萬組與120萬以上組。 三、 工作平等度與滿意度成中度相關關係。 四、 造成科技從業女性工作不平等或不滿意的隱性原因有四,分別為傳統社會期待、女性自身價值觀、獲得資訊度之難易度以及性別角色特質的分野。
The concept of “Gender Mainstreaming”, a means to achieve the goal of gender equality, has been flourishing in recent years. Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programs and projects. In Taiwan, the job related position of men and women is getting more and more equal to each other and the rate of women working in high-tech industry is increasing as well. But how is the real situation of their job satisfaction? Job satisfaction is a key factor of evaluating organizational performance, but we can rarely find surveys, analyses or measurement of female’s job satisfaction especially in Taiwan. The main purpose of this study is to show the importance of sexual statistics for eliminating sexual discrimination and improving sexual research, so that a fit plan can be proposed to create added value for the industries. This study adopts a questionnaire method and the samples will be taken from the top 6 industries in Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial Park, the largest science park in Taiwan. Four major conclusions will be addressed as follows. 1. Hi-tech working women were satisfied with quality and quantity of work and promotion, but unsatisfied with boss’s attitude. They felt equal in reward and punishment, but unequal in getting higher position. 2. Age, marriage, position, seniority and annual income would affect hi-tech female workers’ job fairness and satisfaction. 3. Job fairness is positive correlation with job satisfaction for hi-tech working females. 4. The reasons to cause inequality and dissatisfaction female workers are traditional expectation, females’ values, message received degrees and gender role orientation. The study result is expected to improve gender equity of work and to help establish appropriate labour and other related policies.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT079735506
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/45508
顯示於類別:畢業論文


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  1. 550602.pdf