標題: 利用混沌序列模擬樹的樣態Tree Patterns Simulated by Chaotic Sequences 作者: 林育賢Lin, Yu-Hsien張書銘Chang, Shu-Ming應用數學系數學建模與科學計算碩士班 關鍵字: 邏輯斯諦映射;修正邏輯斯諦映射;遞迴函數系統;結構複製法;logistic map;modified logistic map;iterated function systems;structural cloning method 公開日期: 2009 摘要: 本論文簡短地說明碎形(fractal)與混沌(chaos)在模擬自然界現象上的使用。憑藉著自我相似性，碎形被廣泛的使用在模擬樹與花草等自然界物質。在碎形樹的模擬中，遞迴函數系統(iterated function system)最為普遍。此外，交大通識中心陳明璋教授並根據遞迴函數系統發展出結構複製法(structural cloning method)進而開創視覺碎形的新領域。本研究著重於三個均勻分布生長機制：邏輯斯諦映射(logistic map)、修正邏輯斯諦映射(modified logistic map)與偽隨機數生長器(pseudorandom number generator)對於樹樣態模擬中生長變數的調控，並且發展兩種不同的模擬機制：樹生成模擬(Grown Tree Simulation)與樹生長模擬(Growing Tree Simulation)，完全破壞碎形樹的自我相似性，呈現多樣化的面貌。 此外，本論文最後利用統計檢定的方式，對於各種不同模擬或生長機制下的樹進行比較與結果分析，在不同的結果之間提供更客觀的詮釋。This study gives a brief description of fractals and chaos used in the real world, especially in the nature world. Fractals, by its self-similarity, has widely used to simulate natural phenomena such as trees and cloudes. Besides, one of the most common ways to generate fractals is iterated function system (IFS). On the basis of IFS, Dr. Ming-Jang Chen developed Structural Cloning Method (SCM) which is regarded as an original frontier of visual fractals to simulate trees, mountains and so on. In this thesis, unlike IFS and SCM, we focus on the tree pattern simulations by three uniformly distributed generators, pseudorandom number generator, logistic map generator and modified logistic map generator in order to break the self-similarity of fractal trees and whether there are stronger links between chaotic sequences and the trees in the real world. Moreover, there are two simulations proposed here: Grown Tree Simulation and Growing Tree Simulation. They take diverse views on simulating the tree patterns. In this way, there are at least six different kinds of models. At this background, these models should be compared by a more persuasive way than just by sights and preference. Thus, hypothesis tests offer an alternative interpretation in the end. URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT079720506http://hdl.handle.net/11536/44986 Appears in Collections: Thesis

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