標題: 工地施工人員動線評估系統
Route Evaluating System for Construction Sites
作者: 李宗勳
Lee, Tsung-Hsum
曾仁杰
Dzeng, Ren-Jye
土木工程學系
關鍵字: 無線射頻辨識;視覺化;最佳路徑規劃;動線規劃;RFID;Visualization;Path finding;Route Planning
公開日期: 2011
摘要: 增進營建工地之施工效率與安全,一直是研究人員所追求的目標。其中施工動線配置之優劣,悠關建築工地之施工效率及施工安全,找出施工工地當前動線潛在之問題,為本研究最主要之目的。本研究利用主動式無線射頻辨識(Active Radio Frequency Identification,簡稱Active RFID)技術所提供施工人員之所在位置及移動記錄,透過視覺化技術(Visualization)與A*最佳路徑演算法(A-Star path-finding),建置工地施工人員動線評估系統,用以找出施工工地中可能存在物料配置或動線規劃之問題所在,以供管理人員瞭解與改善施工環境。 本研究以模擬交通大學基礎大樓興建工程為範例,假設現場工作人員各配帶搭載主動式RFID之識別證,內存其基本資料及負責工作,工地並已架設適當之訊號讀取器,藉由讀取器所接受RFID之識別證之訊號強弱,定位該佩帶人員之所在位置,透過本系統找出施工中是否存在不良動線,並評估是否有員工施工效率不彰之現象。
Efficiency and safety on construction sites is always the primary goal of researchers. The appropriateness of route arrangement concerns the efficiency and safety within a construction site. The objective of this paper is to explore the underlying route problems in construction sites. This paper uses the Active Radio Frequency Identification (Active RFID) technology to track the current location and movement of each construction worker and then applies visualization and A-Star path-finding algorithms to build a route evaluation system for construction sites. This paper attempts to find the potential problems in material allocation and route planning and provide a reference for construction managers in understanding and improving the construction environment. A simulated example that involves construction of the Basic Science Teaching Building in National Chiao Tung University is employed. It is assumed that each construction worker carries an Active RFID tag that contains personal information and information of assigned tasks, and various active RFID readers have been set up at necessary locations of the construction site. Based on the strength of signal detected from active RFID tags, the system can locate and track the position of each worker. With the proposed system, construction managers can identify inefficient routes in the construction site and evaluate efficiency of construction workers.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT079716582
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/44885
Appears in Collections:Thesis


Files in This Item:

  1. 658201.pdf