Sacred and Secular：the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain and the Lineages of Nan-Juang County
|關鍵字:||靈塔;風水;宗族;祖塔;原住民;Bone Tower;Feng Shui;Lineage;Ancestral tower;Indigenous people|
The Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain belongs to Chuan Hua Tang. Although it only has a history of nearly one hundred years, it has irreplaceable position in the development history of Nan-chuang nearby. The Hakkas view it as an ancestral tower of lineage or family, which indicates the important local influence of temple pagodas. On the other hand, the operation of temple pagodas also implies the decline of Hakka lineage forces in Nan-chuang area. To investigate how the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain became the common ancestral tomb of some Hakka families in Nan-chuang area, this study discussed the historical status of the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain through the viewpoints of Feng Shui, religious belief, concept of cremation, and the relationship between indigenous people and the Hakkas. In 1815, Chi-ying Huang from Guangdong Jiaying led people to reclaim Sanwan, and they further reclaimed the Tianwei area and Shihtou Mountain area of Nan-chuang, which started the development of hinterland of Jhonggang River. In order to educate villagers with planchette writing, the grandson of Chi-ying, Kai-lang Huang, established Chuang Hua Tang, followed by the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain . The Feng Shui location of pagoda exactly conforms to the Feng Shui viewpoint of the Hakkas. Moreover, due to the public health education advocated during the Japanese Occupation Period, the promotion of cremation policy, and the foresight of the local elites, the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain was constructed. Placing the urns in places besides the ancestral tomb of lineage is a new idea. In early days, the Shihtou Mountain Temple had a prosperous vegetarian culture and to its believers, it is in fact a kind of honor to place urns in the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain of the temple. In the early Japanese Occupation Period, most temples in Taiwan did not have columbarium pagodas inside. More than 10,000 of urns have been placed inside the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain , which indicates its importance in ancestor worship. To Hakka families who did not have their own ancestral towers or enough space in their ancestral towers , the Bone Tower of Shihtou Mountain became an alternative ancestral tower of the Hakkas in Nac-huang area. The close relationship between the Hakkas and the indigenous people in Nan-chuang started from the family of Chi-ying Huang. After more than one hundred years of intermarriage and cultural interactions, the language, life habits, religious belief, and ancestor worship of the Hakkas have significantly influenced the traditional culture of the indigenous people, especially the Saisiyat. After experiencing the changes over a hundred years, the most significant change in the phenomenon of cultural integration between the Saisiyat and the Hakkas in recent years are the common grave of ancestral tower style and the acceptance of the idea of cremation and placing urns into pagodas.
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