標題: Leu29與His93位置之飽和定點突變抹香鯨肌紅蛋白對其過氧化能力之影響
Mutational Analysis of Leu29 and His93 from Sperm Whale Myoglobin on the Effect of Peroxidase Activity
作者: 吳育勳
Wu, Yu-Hsun
吳東昆
Wu, Tung-Kung
生物資訊及系統生物研究所
關鍵字: 肌紅蛋白;過氧化能力;myoglobin;peroxidase
公開日期: 2008
摘要: 肌紅蛋白(myoglobin)為一種血基質蛋白(heme-protein),在脊椎動物體內具有儲存及攜帶氧氣的功能。本論文研究主要是將不具酵素活性的肌紅蛋白利用飽和定點突變成H93X;及將具有過氧化酵素 (peroxidase) 活性的突變H64D/V68L/I107M肌紅蛋白,再Leu29位置利用飽和突變技術改變L29X/H64D/V68L/I107M這個推測可改變活性的胺基酸,以進一步分析比較這些突變蛋白的過氧化酵素能力。將其與過氧化氫和2,2’-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid),ABTS,反應後利用UV-Vis分光光譜儀偵測並分析其一個電子傳遞的過氧化酵素活性與機制。發現四突變的過氧化氫催化能力不比三突變的活性差,但是對ABTS的催化活性不到三突變的一半,可得知Leu-29這位置對於ABTS進入反應中心有非常重要的調控機制。而His-93的突變幾乎沒有活性,證明過氧化催化能力,主要取決於反應的環境,與鐵金屬的原子軌域影響較小。
Myoglobin (Mb) is a heme-protein, functioning as oxygen carrier in vertebrates. In previous study, MbH64D/V68L/I107M had been engineered into an enzyme with peroxidase activity. We further investigated the L29X/H64D/V68L/I107M and site-saturated H93X mutational effects on peroxidase activity. A well established peroxidase activity with one-electron oxidation reacted with 2’-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) was observed by the UV/Vis spectrophotometer and demonstrated its capability in electron transfer reaction. When ABTS was used as substrate, the results showed that the activity of quadruple mutants was less than triple mutant, indicating the important role of Leu-29 in maintaining peroxidase function, especially the catalysis of ABTS. The catalyses of H2¬¬O¬¬2 of MbL29I/H64D/V68L/I107M, MbL29F/H64D/V68L/I107M, and MbL29M/H64D/V68L/I107M were as good as that of triple mutants. The H93X mutants exhibited no activity, indicating that the peroxidase activity was related with the environment.
URI: http://140.113.39.130/cdrfb3/record/nctu/#GT079651515
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/43273
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