The relevance and importance of quality indicators for e-learning courseware in universities
|關鍵字:||數位學習;課程認證指標;決策實驗室分析法;網路層級分析法;E-learning;e-learning courseware indicators;DEMATEL;ANP|
|摘要:||為探討數位學習課程認證指標之間是否具有相互影響關係、並辨視出核心指標，本研究採用決策實驗室分析法(Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory, DEMATEL)以及網路層級分析法(Analytic Network Process,ANP)，來釐清數位學習課程指標間的關聯性，更進一步求得數位學習課程認證指標權重，確認相對重要程度。本研究以國內某商業科技大學執行數位學習課程認證之狀況為例、以該科技大學負責單位人員為專家對象，對該校採用之25項數位學習課程認證指標運用DEMATEL探討探討各指標間之關聯度與影響度，另以ANP進行指標之相對性權重分析。研究結果發現，透過DEMATEL分析結果，落在中心度高及關聯度高的前三項指標為x7「教師依據教學目標選用多種合宜的教學活動」、x13「教師實施適當且充足的同步及非同步教學活動」及x14「非同步教學時，師生均能針對議題積極參與討論」。ANP求得權重排名前三項為「教師依據教學目標選用多種合宜的教學活動」、「教材有清楚的重點提示」、「學習者間在非同步教學中有充分的交义互動」。而連結度與原因度分別用以ANP權重加以分析，「教師依據教學目標選用多種合宜的教學活動」為指標中影響與被影響總程度最高且專家認為重要度最大的指標；為影響與被影響差異度高且重要性大的指標為「教師依據教學目標選用多種合宜的教學活動」、「教材內容提供實例以協助學生理解」及「非同步教學時，師生均能針對議題積極參與討論」，這些指標分別扮演整體提昇數位學習課程實施品質達到最佳學習成效目標之核心關鍵性指標。|
In order to determine if there is any mutual influence between each indicators for e-learning courseware and decide the core indicator, This study uses Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory method and Analytic Network Process method to clarify the relevance of the e-learning courseware indicators and further obtain the weight of each the e-learning courseware indicator. We implemented e-learning courseware in a commercial university of science and technology and the participants are the representatives of each unit in the school. We applied 25 e-learning courseware indicators and used DEMATEL to determine the degrees of prominence and relation between each indicator. We also used ANP to analyze the relative weight of the indicator. We found out that, via the results of DEMATAL analysis, the top three high prominence and high relation indicators are "Teachers use a variety of appropriate teaching and learning activities based on the teaching objectives", "teachers implement appropriate and adequate synchronous and asynchronous teaching and learning activities", "teachers and students can activity participate and discuss during the asynchronous teaching courseware" The top three high weighted items in ANP analysis are "Teachers use a variety of appropriate teaching and learning activities based on the teaching objectives", "Course materials are highlighted clearly ", "there are sufficient interactions between students in asynchronous learning process " We used the weight of the each indication to analyze the Prominence and the Relation separately. , "Teachers use a variety of appropriate teaching and learning activities based on the teaching objectives" is determined as the most important indicator by the experts, which has the highest degree of impact and being impacted. "Teachers use a variety of appropriate teaching and learning activities based on the teaching objectives", "real examples can help students to understand the teaching materials" and "teachers and students can actively participate to the topic discussion in asynchronous teaching process" are the indicators which have the greatest differences between impacting and being impacted. They are the key indices to enhance the quality of e-learning courseware and to achieve the best learning outcome.
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