Validation and Assessment of Evacuation Safety Performance of High-Rise Buildings
|關鍵字:||高層建築;避難逃生;餘裕時間;性能式驗證;high-rise building;evacuation;slack time;performance-based verification|
In recent years, as high-rise buildings are densely constructed, the evacuation facilities of these buildings seem rather insufficient. In order to prevent the casualties caused by fire, advanced countries around the world have begun to conduct reasonable and quantified assessments on evacuation models, and focused the performance-based design of building on evacuation. This study applied the performance-based evacuation validation method on the evacuation of personnel from higher floors to intermediate floors. The parameters obtained from the equations were analyzed and assessed to ensure that sufficient time is provided for evacuation. Different from the traditional normalized and itemized design, this study constructed a quantified assessment model for fire disasters and risks, and used a high-rise building as an example to validate whether the proposed method could provide performance specifications that match the safety standards. Improving the design defects of high-rise buildings could prevent risks due to poor designs and ensure evacuation safety.
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|