Formation, Development, and Globalization of the Long-gang Mosque Community
The study is focused on the formation and localization of the Muslim community in Lungkang Mosque which located on Zhongli, Taiwan. The methodologies applied in this research are including fieldwork, questionnaire, participant observation. The research will deliberate the development and changing of the members in this community, their behavior patterns, individual consciousness in the context of globalization. Majority of the members in this community are inborn Muslim. In general, they could be categorized into three groups: Firstly, they are descendant of Yunnan military and live in Zhong Zheng Village area; secondly, the descendant of Yunnan-Burma military but born in Myanmar or Thailand. These Chinese overseas moved to Taiwan especially in 1970s; lastly, the Muslims from Southeast Asia who worked as temporary workers in Taiwan, and the Muslims who have married to Taiwanese. Taiwan, the un-Islamic society had gathered Muslim from various localities and ethnic group from Mainland China since the Government of National Party (KMT) moved to Taiwan in 1949. The Muslims not only had to adapt themselves to the new environment, but also facing the stress in finding balancing between religious principles (Sharia) and the realistic of environment. The limitations in everyday lifestyles of Muslim have confined the activities of Islam in Taiwan. Consequently, this incurred the reducing of Islam identity among Muslim community and lost the motivation of preaching. The inheriting of Islam is in crisis. Under the unfavorable conditions, Muslim of Lungkung Mosque stand firm in their belief and develop vigorously. What is the reason for the development? Their reservation and succession method, and the adaptation strategic might not only lead to the survival, but also growing of Islam culture. Moreover, how does the Muslim new generation play a role in carrying of the past and opening a new chapter for the future? These are the crucial parts of this study.
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