Development & Application of Fire Emergency response Software on Semiconductor Facilities
Chen Chiun Hsun
|關鍵字:||半導體廠;火災緊急應變系統;決策機制;應變指揮官;Semiconductor industry;Emergency response system for fire scenario;decision making mechanism;Incident commander.|
The most important person in emergency response is IC (incident commander), who is responsible to initiate and end the whole response processes. However, the occurrence of incident is unpredictable and incident site is dynamically changing that impose tremendous physical and mental pressures on IC. Emergency response not only determines the damage caused by the incident to the company, but also decides whether the company would be survived and retained to exist in the market. The major task for incident commander is to make correct and fast decisions to give order directly to emergency response team responding to the event such that the consequence and damage of the incident are minimized. Three major factors are considered to be the most critical concerns for IC to make qualitative decisions and give orders to responders. They are: (1) IC must have the full control over the incident site. (2) IC has to acknowledge whole response resources on hands and put them into rescue actions at the right time and right locations. (3) IC must acquire these information in the shortest time interval. In this work, a computer software is developed for IC in order to respond properly to unexpected incident. The purpose of this research is to develop such software that can provide incident commander as much as and detailed information for his decision making. The structure of the software is divided into 3 categories: incident status, response resources, and recommended actions. In incident status category, it consists of drawings of plant site, plant layout, equipment layout, piping and instrument, existing fixed detection and protection systems (fire suppression systems, gas detection system, leak sensing system, etc.) and other relevant information. Consequently, incident commander will be acknowledged the location of incident, adjacent areas to incident site, occupancy, protection system, and other information in a fast way in order to determine the major tasks of responding strategy (life safety/incident confinement/property preservation/building isolation) and tactics for lives rescuing and identifying evacuation routes. Response resources category includes emergency response team members, tools and equipments, PPE (personal protective equipment), equipment transportation means, and other resources provided by external agencies (government, vendors, mutual aid, etc.). Therefore, incident commander can control all the resources on hands and put them into the locations needed mostly. In addition, commander also knows where and how to get more resources in case of more resources are required. In recommended actions category, they consists of emergency response procedures, communication, recommended actions to the incident, etc. This software is developed in both stand-alone and internet versions, which have been tested in an existing semiconductor company with satisfactory results. It is hoped that, in the future, this software can be integrated with internal network system (Notes, human resource, facility, and training systems) of the company such that the optimal goals of on-line training, drilling and commanding systems are achieved.
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