標題: New imidazoles as probes of the active site topology and potent inhibitors of beta-glucosidase
作者: Li, YK
Hsu, HS
Chang, LF
Chen, G
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: beta-glucosidase;inhibition;4-arylimidazoles;omega-N-acylhistamines;4-(omega-phenylalkyl)imidazoles
公開日期: 1-Mar-1998
摘要: Series of 4-arylimidazoles, omega-N-acylhistamines and 4-(omega-phenylalkyl) imidazoles were synthesized in order to probe the active site topology of sweet almond beta-glucosidase. These imidazole derivatives were shown to be very powerful competitive inhibitors. Among the 20 tested compounds, omega-N-benzoylhistamine and 4-(3'-phenylpropyl)imidazole are the most potent inhibitors of the enzyme, with pH-independent K-i values of 0.06 and 0.07 mu M, respectively, The inhibition of 4-(omega-phenylalkyl)imidazoles exhibited an interesting trend as to K-i values: 4-phenylimidazole (6.6 mu M)>4-benzylimidazole (1.4 mu M)>4-(2'-phenylethyl)imidazole (0.82 mu M)>4-(3'-phenylpropyl)imidazole (0.07 mu M)<4-(4'-phenylbutyl)imidazole (0.13 mu M)<4-(5'-phenylpentyl)imidazole (0.3 mu M), This revealed that the imidazole and aryl binding sites (which result from favorable interactions within the corresponding glycone and aglycone binding subsites) are separated by the optimal distance equivalent to the length of a -CH2-CH2-CH2-group, Substitutions of the phenyl moieties of 4-phenylimidazole and 4-benzoylhistamine result in weaker inhibition, These classes of imidazoles are particularly powerful inhibitors of sweet almond beta-glucosidase.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/32766
ISSN: 0021-924X
期刊: JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY
Volume: 123
Issue: 3
起始頁: 416
結束頁: 422
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