標題: Intrinsic p-type ZnO films fabricated by atmospheric pressure metal organic chemical vapor deposition
作者: Huang, Yen-Chin
Li, Zhen-Yu
Weng, Li-Wei
Uen, Wu-Yih
Lan, Shan-Ming
Liao, Sen-Mao
Lin, Tai-Yuan
Huang, Yu-Hsiang
Chen, Jian-Wen
Yang, Tsun-Neng
光電工程學系
Department of Photonics
公開日期: 1-Nov-2010
摘要: The structural, electrical, and optical properties of ZnO films fabricated by atmospheric pressure metal organic chemical vapor deposition (AP-MOCVD) under various gas flow ratios of [H(2)O]/[DEZn] (VI/II ratio) ranging from 0.55 to 2.74 were systematically examined. Hall effect measurements exhibited an evident effect of the VI/II ratio on the conduction type of the intrinsic films. An n-type film was fabricated at the VI/II ratio=0.55; however, p-type ZnO films with the hole concentration of the order of 10(17) cm(-3) could be achieved at VI/II ratios higher than 1.0. In particular, the highest mobility of 91.6 cm(2)/V s and the lowest resistivity of 0.369 Omega cm have been achieved for the specimen fabricated at the VI/II ratio=1.10. Moreover, room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements demonstrated an interstitial Zn (Zn(i)) donor defect related emission at 2.9 eV for the n-type film, while a Zn vacancy (V(Zn)) acceptor defect related one at 3.09 eV for the p-type films. The existence of material intrinsic defects was further confirmed by low temperature PL measurements conducted at 10 K. Conclusively, the conduction type of undoped ZnO films deposited by AP-MOCVD is resolved by the VI/II ratio used, which causes the formation of various kinds of intrinsic defects, Zn(i) otherwise VZn. p-type ZnO films with the hole concentration in the range of (1.5-3.3) x 10(17) cm(-3) can be achieved with good reproducibility by modulating a VI/II ratio the range 1.0-2.2 for the AP-MOCVD process. (C) 2010 American Vacuum Society. [DOI: 10.1116/1.3484138]
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.3484138
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/31958
ISSN: 0734-2101
DOI: 10.1116/1.3484138
期刊: JOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A
Volume: 28
Issue: 6
起始頁: 1307
結束頁: 1311
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