標題: Impacts of Transportation External Cost Pricing and Transit Fare Reductions on Household Mode/Route Choices and Environmental Improvements
作者: Guo, Shwu-Ping
Hsu, Chaug-Ing
運輸與物流管理系 註:原交通所+運管所
Department of Transportation and Logistics Management
關鍵字: Rail transit system;External cost pricing;Transit fare;Mode choice
公開日期: 1-Dec-2010
摘要: This study explores how transportation external cost pricing and transit fare reductions impact household mode/route choices and environmental improvements in a metropolitan area. A household mode/route choice model and a bilevel model for transportation external cost pricing and transit fare reductions are sequentially constructed. In the first level of bilevel model, the pricing of transportation external costs, including congestion, air pollution, and noise, is measured applying the theory of marginal-cost pricing. The effects of transportation external cost pricing are analyzed in terms of variations in household mode/route choices, increased patronage of rail transit lines and reduced congestion, air pollution, and noise. In the second level of bilevel model, this study explores how to reduce rail transit fares to achieve equivalent benefits of environmental improvement as for the strategy of transportation external cost pricing. The analytical results reveal that, after the implementation of transportation external cost pricing and taxation, the number of commuting households attracted to rail transit lines will increase, and some commuting households may detour to more distant transit stations to avoid high congestion links on surface streets.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000036
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/31901
ISSN: 0733-9488
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000036
期刊: JOURNAL OF URBAN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT-ASCE
Volume: 136
Issue: 4
起始頁: 339
結束頁: 348
Appears in Collections:Articles


Files in This Item:

  1. 000284280000007.pdf