|標題:||The role of ionic surfactants in compression dewatering of alum sludge|
Institute of Environmental Engineering
|關鍵字:||consolidation;sludge;ionic surfactants;rheological model|
|摘要:||This work has experimentally investigated the characteristics of filtration followed by consolidation dewatering of an alum sludge, with especial attention to the effects of adding ionic surfactants (SDS or CTAB), The filtration and consolidation stages at a pressure of 3000 psi were discussed separately, The efficiency of filtration is enhanced in the presence of surfactant molecules; however, the cationic surfactant (CTAB) raises the consolidation rate while the anionic surfactant (SDS) retards it, A newly proposed rheological model has been employed for interpreting the consolidation data. CTAB would not alter markedly the moisture distribution in the sludge, but SDS does increase markedly the amount of the tightly bound moisture by diminishing the portion occupied by pore water. The possible role of surfactants in the sludge flocs is considered. Both surfactants can be used as conditioning aids during the filtration stage. However, the applications of SDS to the consolidation stage are not encouraged. (C) 1998 Academic Press.|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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