標題: Heat transfer in open cell polyurethane foam insulation
作者: Wu, JW
Chu, HS
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
公開日期: 1-Nov-1998
摘要: This paper study systematic investigates the combined conductive and non-gray radiative heat transfer of open cell polyurethane (PU) foam in the pressure range between 760 and 0.02 Torr. Direct transmission measurements are also taken using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. In doing so, experimental results are obtained for the spectral extinction coefficient from 2.5 to 25 mu m. In addition, the P-3 approximation method along with the box model is employed to calculate the non-gray radiative heat flux. The diffusion approximation method is also applied to calculated the radiative conductivity. Also tested herein are three samples with different cell sizes ranging from 330 to 147 mu m. According to those results, the spectral extinction coefficient increases with a decrease of cell size, leading to a decrease of thermal conductivity. Moreover, evacuating the gases in the foam cells can reduce the thermal conductivity of the PU foam by as much as 75%. Furthermore, radiative heat transfer accounts for about 4% of total heat transfer at 760 Torr and increases to 20% at 0.02 Torr.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/31780
ISSN: 0042-9929
期刊: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
Volume: 34
Issue: 4
起始頁: 247
結束頁: 254
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