標題: Thermal reactions of phosphine with Si(100): a combined photoemission and scanning-tunneling-microscopy study
作者: Lin, DS
Ku, TS
Sheu, TJ
物理研究所
Institute of Physics
關鍵字: chemical vapor deposition;phosphine;photoemission;scanning tunneling microscopy;silicon
公開日期: 19-三月-1999
摘要: This study investigates the adsorption and thermal decomposition of phosphine (PH3) on the Si(100)-(2 x 1) surface. The adsorption species, dissociation reactions, atomic ordering, and surface morphology of the phosphine/Si(100) surface at temperatures between 300 and 1060 K are examined by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and high-resolution core-level photoemission spectroscopy employing synchrotron radiation. The P 2p core level spectra clearly indicate that phosphine molecularly adsorbs at room temperature and partially dissociates into PH2 and H on a time scale of minutes at low (<0.2ML) coverages. An exposure of >15 Langmuirs (L, 1 Langmuir=10(-6) Torr s(-1)) of phosphine on the Si(100)-(2 x 1) surface at room temperature produces a saturated and disordered surface. The total amount of P on the saturated surface is ca 0.37 ML as calibrated by the P 2p photoemission intensity. Successive annealing of the saturated surface at higher temperatures converts PH, into PH,, converts PH, to P-P dimers, and causes the desorption of PH3. These processes become complete at similar to 700 K, and the resulting surface is a H/Si(LOD)-(2 x 1) surface interspersed with one-dimensional P-P islands. Desorption of hydrogen from that surface occurs at similar to 800 K, and is accompanied by partial displacement of P with Si atoms on the substrate. At 850 K, the Si(100) surface, interspersed with 0.22 ML of two-dimensional islands, is a random alloy of nominal 0.5 ML Si-P heterodimers and 0.5 ML Si-Si dimers. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0039-6028(98)00943-1
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/31449
ISSN: 0039-6028
DOI: 10.1016/S0039-6028(98)00943-1
期刊: SURFACE SCIENCE
Volume: 424
Issue: 1
起始頁: 7
結束頁: 18
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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  1. 000079431500003.pdf