標題: FRACTURE-TOUGHNESS OF HIGH-IMPACT POLYSTYRENE BASED ON 3 J-INTEGRAL METHODS
作者: LEE, CB
LU, ML
CHANG, FC
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
公開日期: 10-Mar-1993
摘要: Three J-integral methods and their modified versions have been used to characterize the fracture toughness of high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) with different thicknesses. The Jc values obtained were highest from the E813-87 method, followed by the E813-81 method, then by the hysteresis method. The hysteresis method based on the steep rising of hysteresis energy under constant displacement-controlled loading in Jc determination has many advantages over the ASTM E813-81 or the E813-87 method. The requirement of crack growth length measurements is no longer necessary and the controversial issue on the crack blunting line can also be avoided. The E813-87 method-resulted in significantly higher Jc values for polymers' but the modified version of E813-87, by moving the offset line from the original 0.2 to 0.1 mm, resulted in comparable Jc values. Since crazes as the main failure mechanism for HIPS, well-defined crack blunting does not expect to occur and the Jc obtained by the original E813-81 based on the theoretically predicted blunting line is indeed slightly higher. The modified version of E813-81 by neglecting the blunting line in Jc determination is believed to be more reasonable for HIPS. The nature of polymers will determine whether the crack tip will be blunted, partially blunted, or not blunted. ASTM E813-81 is appropriate for those polymers with a well-defined blunted crack tip (such as elastomer-modified poly-carbonate), whereas the modified version of ASTM E813-81 seems better for those polymers with craze as the main failure mechanism (such as HIPS). Experimental results indicated that this hysteresis method is able to inherently adjust the crack blunting effect and therefore can be applied to any type of ductile polymer.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070471017
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/3088
ISSN: 0021-8995
DOI: 10.1002/app.1993.070471017
期刊: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
Volume: 47
Issue: 10
起始頁: 1867
結束頁: 1880
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