標題: The positive morpheme in Chinese and the adjectival structure
作者: Liu, Chen-Sheng Luther
外國語文學系
Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures
關鍵字: Adjectival structures;Condition on saturating Chinese gradable adjectives;Polarity items;Positive morphemes;Predicate-accessible operators([-wh]);Predicate-accessible operator([-wh]) domains;Unmarked forms
公開日期: 1-Apr-2010
摘要: Chinese has a positive morpheme that has two allomorphs: a covert one and an overt one (i.e., the degree word hen). The former, behaving like a polarity item, only occurs in a predicate-accessible operator([-wh]) domain with a structure like [Op([-wh]) ... X([-wh-operator])(0) [(Deg P) ... Deg(0)[(AP) ... ]]], where the head X(0), carrying the predicate-accessible operator([-wh]) feature, not only introduces a predicate-accessible operator([-wh]) but also licenses the occurrence of a degree phrase headed by the covert positive morpheme (i.e., Deg(0)), while the latter in other contexts. Having this as basis, I propose a condition on saturating Chinese gradable adjectives through which the bifurcated use of the 'unmarked' form of Chinese gradable adjectives can be well captured. Besides, the obligatory overt realization of a covert positive morpheme occurring in a predicate-accessible operator([-wh]) domain, when the predicative adjective is substituted for by a pro-form, further implies that Chinese has an adjectival structure simpler than English. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.001
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/30619
ISSN: 0024-3841
DOI: 10.1016/j.lingua.2009.06.001
期刊: LINGUA
Volume: 120
Issue: 4
起始頁: 1010
結束頁: 1056
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