標題: THE SEARCHING OVER SEPARATORS STRATEGY TO SOLVE SOME NP-HARD PROBLEMS IN SUBEXPONENTIAL TIME 作者: HWANG, RZCHANG, RCLEE, RCT資訊工程學系Department of Computer Science 關鍵字: COMPUTATIONAL GEOMETRY;NP-HARDNESS 公開日期: 1-四月-1993 摘要: In this paper we propose a new strategy for designing algorithms, called the searching over separators strategy. Suppose that we have a problem where the divide-and-conquer strategy can not be applied directly. Yet, also suppose that in an optimal solution to this problem, there exists a separator which divides the input points into two parts, A(d) and C(d), in such a way that after solving these two subproblems with A(d) and C(d) as inputs, respectively, we can merge the respective subsolutions into an optimal solution. Let us further assume that this problem is an optimization problem. In this case our searching over separators strategy will use a separator generator to generate all possible separators. For each separator, the problem is solved by the divide-and-conquer strategy. If the separator generator is guaranteed to generate the desired separator existing in an optimal solution, our searching over separators strategy will always produce an optimal solution. The performance of our approach will critically depend upon the performance of the separator generator. It will perform well if the total number of separators generated is relatively small. We apply this approach to solve the discrete Euclidean P-median problem (DEPM), the discrete Euclidean P-center problem (DEPC), the Euclidean P-center problem (EPC), and the Euclidean traveling salesperson problem (ETSP). We propose O(n(o(square-root P))) algorithms for the DEPM problem, the DEPC problem, and the EPC problem, and we propose an O(n(o(square-root n))) algorithm for the ETSP problem, where n is the number of input points. URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01228511http://hdl.handle.net/11536/3053 ISSN: 0178-4617 DOI: 10.1007/BF01228511 期刊: ALGORITHMICA Volume: 9 Issue: 4 起始頁: 398 結束頁: 423 顯示於類別： 期刊論文