標題: Biotreatment of H2S- and NH3-containing waste gases by co-immobilized cells biofilter
作者: Chung, YC
Huang, CP
Tseng, CP
Pan, JR
環境工程研究所
生物科技學系
Institute of Environmental Engineering
Department of Biological Science and Technology
關鍵字: hydrogen sulfide;ammonia;biofilter;Thiobacillus thioparus CH11;Nitrosomonas europaea
公開日期: 1-Aug-2000
摘要: Gas mixture of H2S and NH3 in this study has been the focus in the research area concerning gases generated from the animal husbandry and the anaerobic wastewater lagoons used for their treatment. A specific microflora (mixture of Thiobacillus thioparus CH11 for H2S and Nitrosomonas europaea for NH3) was immobilized with Ca-alginate and packed inside a glass column to decompose H2S and NH3. The biofilter packed with co-immobilized cells was continuously supplied with H2S and NH3 gas mixtures of various ratios, and the removal efficiency, removal kinetics, and pressure drop in the biofilter was monitored. The results showed that the efficiency remained above 95% regardless of the ratios of H2S and NH3 used. The NH3 concentration has little effect on H2S removal efficiency, however, both high NH3 and H2S concentrations significantly suppress the NH3 removal. Through product analysis, we found that controlling the inlet ratio of the H2S/NH3 could prevent the biofilter from acidification, and, therefore, enhance the operational stability. Conclusions from bioaerosol analysis and pressure drop in the biofilter suggest that the immobilized cell technique creates less environmental impact and improves pure culture operational stability. The criteria for the biofilter operation to meet the current H2S and NH3 emission standards were also established. To reach Taiwan's current ambient air standards of H2S and NH3 (0.1 and 1 ppm, respectively), the maximum inlet concentrations should not exceed 58 ppm for H2S and 164 ppm for NH3, and the residence time be kept at 72 s. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00490-7
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/30345
ISSN: 0045-6535
DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00490-7
期刊: CHEMOSPHERE
Volume: 41
Issue: 3
起始頁: 329
結束頁: 336
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