標題: Synthesis and epoxy curing of Mannich bases derived from bisphenol A and poly(oxyalkylene)diamine
作者: Lin, JJ
Lin, SF
Kuo, TT
Chang, FC
Tseng, FP
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: Mannich base;poly(oxyalkylene)diamine;bisphenol A;epoxy resin
公開日期: 17-Oct-2000
摘要: A family of Mannich bases were prepared from the reaction of 2,2-bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane (bisphenol A or BPA), formaldehyde, and poly(oxyalkylene)diamines at 1 : 1 : 1 or 1 : 2 : 2 molar ratio. By varying the molar ratio of bisphenol A to amine and the chemical structures of poly(oxyalkylene)diamines, a series of products with multiple functionalities of primary/secondary amines, phenols, and poly(oxyalkylene) were prepared. The curing profiles of these products toward the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) were examined by a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The physical properties of these cured materials were correlated with the chemical structures of the Mannich bases. Compared with the poly(oxyalkylene)diamines, the built-in phenol moiety in Mannich bases accelerated the curing rate. Both amine and phenol functionalities could be reactive sites toward diglycidyl ethers in a step-wise fashion under catalytic (triphenylphosphine) and different temperature conditions. Furthermore, the cured polymers demonstrated improved properties including tensile and flexural strength in comparison with those cured by the corresponding poly(oxyalkylene)diamines. (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/30197
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1097-4628(20001017)78:3<615
ISSN: 0021-8995
DOI: 10.1002/1097-4628(20001017)78:3<615
期刊: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
Volume: 78
Issue: 3
起始頁: 615
結束頁: 623
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