標題: Numerical study for interaction between water mist and counterflow diffusion flame over Tsuji burner
作者: Tsa, SS
Liu, ET
Chen, CH
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
公開日期: 2001
摘要: The interaction between a water mist and a counterflow diffusion flame over a Tsuji burner is studied numerically. The governing system is comprised of two parts. The gas phase combustion model adopts the one developed by Chen and Weng (1990). For droplets, their motions are described by Newton's second law. The corresponding droplet heat and mass transfer are considered by using empirical correlations. The PSI-Cell model is used to manage the two-phase coupling. The evaporation of droplets through heat absorption from the flame can generate vapor in the flow field. The vapor dilutes both the oxidizer and fuel concentrations, and the heat absorption by phase change lowers the flame temperature, For 50 pm droplets, the envelope flame is extinguished from the forward stagnation area and becomes a wake flame as the mist flow rate increases to 7%. The wake flame no longer exists when the mist flow rate is greater than 15%. The critical values for transition of the envelope flame to a wake flame and complete flame extinction for 80 mum droplets were 4.5% and 10% separately. Under the same mist flow rate, the smaller the droplet sizes, the stronger the flame. The effect of droplet size is studied by changing the droplet size and the corresponding mist flows with the number flow rate constant. The critical sizes for transition of the envelope flame to a wake flame and for complete flame extinction were 55 pm and 75 mum respectively. Future work is also discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/30037
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00102200108952184
ISSN: 0010-2202
DOI: 10.1080/00102200108952184
期刊: COMBUSTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Volume: 167
起始頁: 257
結束頁: 289
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