標題: Effect of reactivity of organics-modified montmorillonite on the thermal and mechanical properties of montmorillonite/polyimide nanocomposites
作者: Tyan, HL
Leu, CM
Wei, KH
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
公開日期: 1-Jan-2001
摘要: Montmorillonite/polyimide (3,3',4,4'-benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride-4,4'-oxydianiline, BTDA-ODA) nanocomposites displaying different morphological, thermal, and mechanical characteristics were synthesized by involving mono-, di-, and trifunctional group swelling-agent-modified montmorillonite and poly(amic acid). It was found that the dispersion of silicate layers in BTDA-ODA shifted from intercalated to exfoliated structures when the number of functional groups of the swelling agent increased to three as evidenced from X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies. The improved morphology of the nanocomposites resulted in their enhanced mechanical and thermal properties. In particular, a 70% increase in Young's modulus, a 50% increase in the maximum stress, and a 30% reduction in the coefficients of thermal expansion for the case of BTDA-ODA nanocomposites containing 5 wt % trifunctional group swelling-agent-modified montmorillonite as compared to that of pure BTDA-ODA.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm000560x
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/29980
ISSN: 0897-4756
DOI: 10.1021/cm000560x
期刊: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
起始頁: 222
結束頁: 226
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