標題: The epoxy-polycarbonate blends cured with aliphatic amine .1. Mechanism and kinetics
作者: Lin, ML
Chang, KH
Chang, FC
Li, MS
Ma, CCM
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: epoxy;blend;polycarbonate;transesterification;transamidation;carbamate
公開日期: 30-九月-1997
摘要: Reaction mechanism of the PC-epoxy blends cured by aliphatic amine has been investigated by varying PC contents in the blends. The transamidation reaction tends to convert nearly all the carbonates into N-aliphatic aromatic carbamates even at ambient temperature before normal curing. The remaining amine proceeds the normal curing with epoxy at a higher temperature (80 degrees C). For the PC-epoxy/aliphatic amine blend containing 6 wt % PC, the yielded N-aliphatic aromatic carbamate further reacts with amine to produce the urea structure. The urea undergoes substitution reaction with the hydroxyl formed from the normal curing to give the N-aliphatic aliphatic carbamate. For the blend containing 12 wt % PC, the N-aliphatic aromatic carbamate converts into the N-aliphatic aliphatic carbamate via two different routes. For the blend containing lower molecular weight of the aliphatic amine, the N-aliphatic aromatic carbamate reacts with hydroxyl to form the N-aliphatic aliphatic carbamate directly. For the blend containing higher molecular weight of aliphatic amine, the N-aliphatic aromatic carbamate decomposes into the aliphatic isocyanate accelerated by the presence of the residual oxirane. The isocyanate formed then reacts with hydroxyl to yield the N-aliphatic aliphatic carbamate. The activation energy (E-alpha) and preexponential factor (A) of the PC-epoxy/POPDA blends decrease with the increase of the PC content. Kinetic study by thermal analysis by the method of autocatalyzed model is able to correctly predict oxirane conversion vs. time relationship for the neat epoxy/aliphatic amine and the PC-epoxy/aromatic amine systems because the dominant reaction is the normal curing reaction between amine and oxirane. The model fails to predict the PC-epoxy/aliphatic amine system because the system is complicated by several other reactions besides the normal curing reaction. (C) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/299
ISSN: 0887-6266
期刊: JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART B-POLYMER PHYSICS
Volume: 35
Issue: 13
起始頁: 2169
結束頁: 2181
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. A1997XT79700017.pdf