Title: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of gate-quality silicon oxynitride films produced by annealing plasma-nitrided Si(100) in nitrous oxide
Authors: Chen, HW
Landheer, D
Chao, TS
Hulse, JE
Huang, TY
電子工程學系及電子研究所
Department of Electronics Engineering and Institute of Electronics
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2001
Abstract: Ultrathin silicon oxynitride films with thickness in the range of 1.8-3.5 nm have been produced on Si(100) by nitridation of an NO-oxidized surface with an electron-cyclotron resonance plasma source. The films were annealed in N(2)O at 950 degreesC for times up to 60 s and formed into Al-gated capacitors for capacitance-voltage (CV) and current-voltage analysis. The rapid annealing increases the oxygen content of the films but results in capacitors with excellent electrical properties. For a plasma oxynitride with equivalent oxide thickness, t(eq) = 1.8 nm. current reductions of similar to 20 over that for SiO(2) films have been obtained for gate voltages in the range 1-1.5 V. For comparison, the thickness of the oxynitrides was obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of the Si 2p, N 1s, and O 1s photoelectrons. By analyzing the yield from thick silicon dioxide and silicon nitride films, the electron escape depth in silicon nitride was estimated to be 1.7 nm for the Si 2p electrons. By correcting the measurements of the oxygen/nitrogen concentration ratio obtained from the O 1s and N 1s XPS peaks, and calculating the dielectric constant with a Bruggeman effective medium approximation, the equivalent oxide thickness was calculated. Agreement to similar to0.2 nm was obtained with t(eq) determined by the CV analysis. Information obtained from the XPS analysis can also give information about bonding configurations and possible errors due to nonuniform stoichiometry as a function of depth. (C) 2001 The Electrochemical Society.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1374219
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/29537
ISSN: 0013-4651
DOI: 10.1149/1.1374219
Journal: JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY
Volume: 148
Issue: 7
Begin Page: F140
End Page: F147
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