標題: Crystallization kinetics and crystallization behavior of syndiotactic polystyrene/clay nanocomposites
作者: Tseng, CR
Lee, HY
Chang, FC
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: montmorillonite;syndiotactic polystyrene;nanocomposites;crystallization;kinetics
公開日期: 1-Sep-2001
摘要: We investigated the effects of montmorillonite (clay) on the crystallization kinetics of syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) with isothermal differential scanning calorimetry analyses. The clay was dispersed into the sPS matrix via melt blending on a scale of 1-2 nm or up to about 100 nih, depending on the surfactant treatment. For a crystallization temperature of 240 degreesC, the isothermal crystallization data were fitted well with the Avrami crystallization equation. Crystallization data on the kinetic parameters (i.e., the crystallization rate constant, Avrami exponent, clay content, and clay/surfactant cation-exchange ratio), were also investigated. Experimental results indicated that the crystallization rate constant of the sPS nanocomposite increased with increasing clay content. The clay played a vital role in facilitating the formation on the thermodynamically more favorable all-beta -form crystal when the sPS was melt-crystallized. (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/polb.1184
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/29417
ISSN: 0887-6266
DOI: 10.1002/polb.1184
期刊: JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART B-POLYMER PHYSICS
Volume: 39
Issue: 17
起始頁: 2097
結束頁: 2107
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