標題: Passive earth pressure with critical state concept
作者: Fang, YS
Ho, YC
Chen, TJ
土木工程學系
Department of Civil Engineering
關鍵字: passive pressure;earth pressure;sand;vertical angles
公開日期: 1-Aug-2002
摘要: This paper presents experimental data of earth pressure acting against a vertical rigid wall, which moved toward a mass of dry sand. The backfill had been placed in lifts to achieve relative densities of 38, 63, and 80%. The instrumented retaining-wall facility at National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan was used to investigate the effects of soil density on the development of earth pressure. Based on the experimental data, it has been found that the Coulomb and Terzaghi solutions calculated with the peak internal friction angle significantly overestimated the ultimate passive thrust for the retaining wall filled with dense sand. As the wall movement S exceeded 12% of the wall height H, the passive earth thrust would reach a constant value, regardless of the initial density of backfill. Under such a large wall movement, soils along the rupture surface had reached the critical state, and the shearing strength on the surface could be properly represented with the residual internal-friction angle. The ultimate passive earth pressure was successfully estimated by adopting the critical state concept to either Terzaghi or Coulomb theory.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2002)128:8(651)
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/28626
ISSN: 1090-0241
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(2002)128:8(651)
期刊: JOURNAL OF GEOTECHNICAL AND GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Volume: 128
Issue: 8
起始頁: 651
結束頁: 659
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