標題: Adhesion, permeability, and mechanical properties of multilayered blown films using maleated low-density polyethylene blends as adhesion-promoting layers
作者: Huang, CH
Wu, JS
Huang, CC
Lin, LS
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: multilayered film;coextrusion;EVOH;blending;hydrogen bonding;barrier properties
公開日期: 2003
摘要: We have fabricated three-layer films, comprising a varying content of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) as the internal layer and blends of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and low-density ethylene grafted with maleic anhydride (LDPE-g-MAH) as the external layers, by a coextrusion blown-film process. We chose to use blends to promote the adhesion between EVOH and LDPE and to reduce the number of layers in the coextrusion system. The peel strength increased sharply when the amount of LDPE-g-MAH was greater than 12.5 wt% and we associate it with the promotion of adhesion between layers brought about by specific interactions between EVOH and LDPE-g-MAH. FT-IR spectroscopic analysis showed an increase in the intensity of the absorbance of the ester band upon increasing the content of LDPE-g-MAH, which indicates that a chemical reaction occurs that promotes adhesion at the interface. The tensile strength did not change significantly with increasing LDPE-g-MAH content, which had a small effect on elongation and modulus in both the machine direction (MD) and transverse direction (TD). Tear strength decreased continuously with increasing LDPE-g-MAH content, in both the MD and TD, as a result of the greater ease of crack propagation in the EVOH layer. The oxygen permeability of the three-layer films remained almost constant upon varying the amount of LDPE-g-MAH. These three-layer films all followed the theoretical prediction made by the inverse additivity rule. The water vapor permeabilities of the three-layer films, however, were affected by the degree of hydrogen bonding, which was analyzed by FT-IR spectroscopy. The effects of this hydrogen bonding resulted in a discrepancy between the experimental findings and the theoretical predictions, especially when the EVOH content was increased.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/28212
http://dx.doi.org/10.1295/polymj.35.978
ISSN: 0032-3896
DOI: 10.1295/polymj.35.978
期刊: POLYMER JOURNAL
Volume: 35
Issue: 12
起始頁: 978
結束頁: 984
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